Indonesia a Paradise on Earth
Indonesia has so much to offer, a spiritual place made better by a Bali paradise. Recently, I wrote about Mount Ijen in West Java a magical place with surrounding beauty. Today Lake Toba, North Sumatra.
- Lake Toba is the largest lake in Indonesia and the 2nd largest in the world.
- The lake was formed in the Calderon of a supervolcano measuring 100km long 550m deep.
Danau Toba or Toba Lake
Danau Toba or Toba Lake is one of the most popular destinations in Indonesia, especially in Medan, North Sumatra. Lake Toba is the largest volcanic lake in Indonesia, and the largest in the Southeast Asia. What makes this lake special is that it is blessed with an island at its centre, Samosir Island.
Lake Toba covers an area mass of 1,707 km², for reference this is 1,000 km² bigger than Singapore. It was formed 70,000 years ago by a gigantic volcanic eruption, it is most likely to be the largest resurgent caldera on Earth. Pulau Samosir or Samosir Island, the island at its centre, be joined to the caldera wall by a narrow isthmus, a narrow strip of land forming a causeway. In recent times the causeway has been split to allow boats easy passage, access to apply their trade to the communities resident on the southwest side of this beautiful island, a bridge links the two parts of the causeway. Samosir island is the cultural centre of the Batak tribe, the indigenous peoples from North Sumatra. During the eruption of this super volcano (Mount Toba) it has been estimated to have caused mass death as well as the extinction of several unique species of living creatures. It was the eruption of Mount Toba that led to change in the earth’s weather, the start of the ice age. Which, of course affected civilizations throughout the world.
Lake Toba being the 2nd largest inland lake in the world, 2nd only to lake Victoria, Africa, it is therefore, more sea like. However, Lake Toba is, approximately 450 metres deep, which makes it the deepest lake in the world.